USB Power Supply Introduction
This stage installs the power supplies for the USB section of the board. This section is galvanically isolated from the rest of the board, with its own ground plane (the "USB ground"). Voltages measured in this stage are measured with respect to (WRT) this ground and NOT the "regular ground" of the rest of the board. To paraphrase a famous city's motto, "What happens in USB stays in USB!"
This stage installs the USB connection (with its 5 V bus) and the (very tiny) 3.3V regulator whch translates the USB 5 volts to 3.3V for the Si570 of the next stage..
This stage will present the most difficult SMT soldering challenge to the builder; that voltage regulator is, indeed, tiny! The builder should undertake this stage BEFORE that third cup of coffee and take great pains to avoid launching the little chip off into space (never to be retrieved!)
The 3.3V regulator is, indeed, very tiny. It is found in a rolled up and stapled bottom portion of an antistatic bag. You have to look very closely to find it. You do not want to do, as the author did, toss the chip out with the little rolled up bag!(go directly to build notes)
USB Power Supply Schematic
(Resistor testpoints (hairpin, top, or left-hand lead), as physically installed on the board, are marked in the schematic with red dots)(Click for Full Schematic)
(go directly to build notes)
USB Power Supply Bill of Materials
Stage Bill of Materials
|❏||C01||4.7 uF 10% 16V X7R RAD||475||Ceramic||vert||USB Power Supply|
|❏||C02||4.7 uF 10% 16V X7R RAD||475||Ceramic||vert||USB Power Supply|
|❏||U02||LP2992AIM5-3.3V regulator||LFEA||SOT-23-5||USB Power Supply|
|❏||J01||USB-B pcb jack (rt-angle)||Jack-RA||USB Power Supply|
|❏||C34||0.1 uF||(smt) black stripe||SMT 1206||white pads||USB Power Supply|
|❏||C32||0.1 uF||(smt) black stripe||SMT 1206||white pads||USB Power Supply|
|❏||C31||0.1 uF||(smt) black stripe||SMT 1206||white pads||USB Power Supply|
USB Power Supply Summary Build Notes
- Install Topside Components
- Install Bottomside Components
- Test the Stage
USB Power Supply Detailed Build Notes
Top of the Board
Install Topside Components
You will want to install the topside capacitors (at least) prior to attempting to solder the SMT parts on the underside (there are holes for the ceramic caps which could accidentally be clogged up if you begin with the SMT parts.
The 3.3V regulator is, indeed, very tiny. It is found in a rolled up and stapled bottom portion of an antistatic bag. You have to look very closely to find it. You do not want to do, as the author did, inadvertently toss the chip out with the little rolled up bag!
Due to some problems with recent lots of Si570 devices, Tony has had to pre-mount the Si570s and test them in circuit before sending the kit out. The circuit boards sent out with the Si570 already mounted have a cut in the trace between the 3.3 volt regulator output and the Si570. This is so that the 3.3 volt supply may be verified to be regulating properly before subjecting the Si570 to an over voltage condition. The cut needs to be bridged by scraping the ends of the trace each side of the cut and then soldering in a short wire to bridge the cutl
|❏||C01||4.7 uF 10% 16V X7R RAD||475||Ceramic||vert|
|❏||C02||4.7 uF 10% 16V X7R RAD||475||Ceramic||vert|
|❏||J01||USB-B pcb jack (rt-angle)||Jack-RA|
Install Bottomside Components
Pay careful attention to the 3.3V regulator. Pins 1 and 3 are at 5V; pin 2 is at ground and nestled snugly between pins 1 and 3.
Take ESD precautions
|❏||C34||0.1 uF||(smt) black stripe||SMT 1206||white pads|
|❏||C32||0.1 uF||(smt) black stripe||SMT 1206||white pads|
|❏||C31||0.1 uF||(smt) black stripe||SMT 1206||white pads|
Bottom of the Board
USB Power Supply Completed Stage(These photos were of an earlier board design. It has changed since the author built the kit upon which these notes are based. The board layout graphics are, however, current.)
Top of the Board
Bottom of the Board
USB Power Supply Testing
Measure resistances on the power rails to be sure there are no short circuits.
|(A) 3.3V rail: R7 barrel to USB Grnd (G)||ohms||>100k||130k||_______|
|(B) USB 5V rail: R4 barrel to USB Ground (G)||ohms||> 1M||7M and rising||_______|
Connect the USB cable to the PC and to the board.
Measure the USB voltages (with respect to the USB ground) at the point indicated on the graphic
|3.3V point (WRT USB Ground)||Vdc||3.3||3.29||_______|
|USB 5V (WRT USB Ground)||Vdc||5||5.02||_______|